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Implication des ARNs non codants dans l'infarctus du myocarde et le remodelage ventriculaire post-infarctus

Abstract : Myocardial infarction (MI responsible for left ventricular remodeling which can be deleterious and the development of heart failure (HF). HF is one of the leading causes of mortality worldwide and despite many improvements, it remains a major challenge in clinical practice. Recent discoveries in genomics have showed the involvement of non-coding RNAs, including microRNAs (miRNAs) and long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs), in physiological and pathological processes and notably linked to cardiovascular diseases. The goal of this work was to study the potential of miRNAs and lncRNAs as prognostic and diagnostic biomarkers and as therapeutic targets in MI and left ventricular remodeling leading to HF. First, we evaluated the diagnostic value of miRNAs in patients with chest pain. MiRNA-208b and miR-499 have shown a good diagnostic capacity for MI. However, these miARNs failed to improve the diagnosis of MI by troponins. MiRNA-208b could also predict patient mortality after MI but this capacity was modest. Then, we observed that miR-150 was present at a low level in the blood of patients with left ventricular remodeling post-MI compared to patients without remodeling. Therefore, miRNA-150 is an interesting prognostic biomarker. Finally, we have shown a significant regulation of several lncRNAs in mouse heart, 24 hours after MI, and 2 lncRNAs, MIRT1 and MIRT2, have been demonstrated for their association with left ventricular remodeling. In conclusion, our studies have shown the utility of non-coding RNAs to improve the identification of patients at risk of developing HF after MI and also allowed to identify potential therapeutic targets to prevent left ventricular remodeling
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Submitted on : Thursday, March 29, 2018 - 1:27:23 PM
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Jennifer Zangrando. Implication des ARNs non codants dans l'infarctus du myocarde et le remodelage ventriculaire post-infarctus. Médecine humaine et pathologie. Université de Lorraine, 2015. Français. ⟨NNT : 2015LORR0109⟩. ⟨tel-01751813⟩



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