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Theses

Elaboration d'une éthique téléologique

Abstract : In moral philosophical thought, teleology has often been associated either with a form of physical determinism or with obligation theories. However, it is possible to escape this opposition, and also the other apparent antinomies of ethical thought. The central point of our work consists in founding moral theory upon the relationship between the human will and the Good, and analysing all the great questions of ethical philosophy from the point of view of a metaphysical thought seeking to comprehend the process which leads from imperfection to achievement, by applying it in different ways, according to each entity. This return to the centre allows us to free ourselves from contradictions which seemed inescapable since the terms were fixed by Kantian philosophy. On the other hand, this work profits from certain advances of contemporary analytical philosophy. In addition to the reflections of this philosophical school, the intellectual tool of analogy allows us to think the movement towards perfection, without compromising either human freedom, or rationality of the action. We may thus reasonably think to reconcile general norms, individual freedom, and human desire. Our double approach of morality, on the one hand by a clear-cut ethical theory, on the other by detailed study of the human action allow us to consider the questions pertaining to human motivation and to escape the opposition between subjectivism and objectivity. Our point of view, firmly turned towards understanding the will as desire, allows us to rethink the relation of the individual towards the state, and the continuity between his native tendencies and political life.
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https://hal.univ-lorraine.fr/tel-01751952
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  • HAL Id : tel-01751952, version 1

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Renaud de Sainte Marie. Elaboration d'une éthique téléologique. Philosophie. Université de Lorraine, 2014. Français. ⟨NNT : 2014LORR0327⟩. ⟨tel-01751952⟩

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