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Étude de la turbulence liée aux particules piégées dans les plasmas de fusion

Abstract : In tokamak plasmas, it is recognized that ion and electron micro- instabilities are held responsible for turbulence giving rise to anomalous transport. These limit particle and energy confinements in tokamak devices. This is the context of this work. The main objective is to have a better understanding of turbulence and thus of anomalous transport. It is known that the behaviour of trapped particles plays a major role in the development of turbulence via trapped ion mode (TIM) instability and trapped electron mode (TEM) instability. This work focus on the development of a model describing kinetic trapped particles (ions and electrons). The involved time scale is of the order of the trapped particle precession frequency which corresponds to characteristic frequency of TIM/TEM turbulence. The originality of this model is the reduction of the dimension from6D to 4D. This reduction is made by averaging over both the fast cyclotron motion and the bounce motion. In addition, using a set of action-angle variables allows one to deal with two parameters instead of two variables. The final model is 4D, dealing with two parameters and 2D space coordinates. The temperature and density gradients which trigger TIM and TEM instabilities are given by the linear analysis of the model. This analysis allows us to calculate the growth rates and frequencies associated with these instabilities. In order to solve the non-linear model describing both trapped kinetic ions and trapped kinetic electrons, we use the existing global code TERESA 4D including only trapped kinetic ions. The spatial and temporal scales associated to TIM and TEM turbulence are of the same order of magnitude. It allows us to include trapped electron kinetic response with very low numerical cost compared to the existing version. The TIM/TEM turbulence can be generated by this new code with low computational resources. Different typical structures observed in tokamak can be studied. This is the case of zonal flow and streamer structures which play a major role in anomalous transport. Finally, the influence of different parameters, such as banana width or electron to ion temperature ratio, is considered.
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https://hal.univ-lorraine.fr/tel-01752018
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  • HAL Id : tel-01752018, version 1

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Thomas Drouot. Étude de la turbulence liée aux particules piégées dans les plasmas de fusion. Autre [cond-mat.other]. Université de Lorraine, 2015. Français. ⟨NNT : 2015LORR0150⟩. ⟨tel-01752018⟩

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