Étude théorique et expérimentale de l'ionisation simple et double de molécules par impact d'électrons

Abstract : A theoretical and experimental study on simple and double ionization of small molecules by electron impact is reported in the present work. Experiments of simple ionization of the three valence orbitals of ammonia with an incident energy of about 600 eV were performed in Orsay (ISMO). These experiments, named (e,2e), consist in the detection of the scattered and ejected electrons in coincidence. We compared the correspondent experiments to perturbative theories such as first Born approximation: 1CW (One Coulomb Wave) and 1DW (One Distorted Wave). In addition to the BBK model (for the acronym Brauner, Briggs and Klar). Our results show a reasonable agreement between the experiment and the theory concerning the distribution of the binary lobe. On the contrary, the recoil lobe was largely under-estimated. The application of the BBK model by taking into account the short range phases will be an interesting perspective for the description of simple ionization of ammonia molecule. In addition, we studied the ionization process of methane by electron impact. For the simple ionization of methane, we developed theoretical approaches in order to describe the angular distribution of double and triple differential cross sections. Our results were compared to experimental data performed in Afyon in Turkey. For the double ionization of methane, we performed experiments for the external shell 1t2 in Orsay (ISMO) by using the (e,3-1e), during which the scattered and one of the two ejected electrons are detected in coincidence. The theory which we applied is of first order and it could not describe completely the two lobes. Consequently, the development of a second order model sounds necessary.
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Rayan El Mir. Étude théorique et expérimentale de l'ionisation simple et double de molécules par impact d'électrons. Autre [cond-mat.other]. Université de Lorraine, 2015. Français. ⟨NNT : 2015LORR0157⟩. ⟨tel-01752029⟩

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