Analyse comparative des systèmes français et italien de lutte contre les abus de marché

Abstract : Financial scandals have been increasing since the past forty years and reaction from media and public opinion prove the more and more apparent intolerance towards this peculiar offences. The interest of european authorities in this matters reveal this intolerance too. European regulations and directives in this field are more and more: on the one hand, in order to strengthen the prevention of market abuse by raising publicly accountable on issuers financial instruments ; on the other and, in order to tighten up punishment of market abuse and to consolidate the harmonisation between the Member States of European Union, including France and Italy. As a result, there is an accumulation of norms, rather similar in both national legal order, at least with regards to financial information, but legal framework is not always intelligible. As for punishment, criminal penalties are successfully integrated beside amministrative penalties. The dual market abuse repression has been rejected by european courts, then by Constitutional Counsil, but suppress the one or the other form of punishment doesn’t seems to be appropriate. On the contrary, a distribution of competences between criminal courts and administrative authorities seems to be judicious and necessary. The topics of criminal liability of legal persons has been brougth sharply into focus of european market abuse legislation : while italian national legal order has already integrate the requirements of European Union, french system of criminal liability of legal persons appears to be in jeopardy. Finally, the many rules of market abuse prevention and repression deployed by european, french and italian authorities, prompt also to suggest a common model of compensation for market abuse damages, in order to ensure consistency of system of fight against market abuse. This consistency seems to be reflected in the creation of conditions and terms rules for compensation of market abuse victims in the Membre States of European Union : these rules should refers to the determination of the nature of the injury and the determination of the amount of compensation awarded.
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Amélie Bellezza. Analyse comparative des systèmes français et italien de lutte contre les abus de marché. Droit. Université de Lorraine, 2015. Français. ⟨NNT : 2015LORR0319⟩. ⟨tel-01752199⟩

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