Study on micro-scale interface phenomena

Abstract : This thesis systematically investigates the breakup and coalescence processes of the involved droplet (bubble) interface under magnetic field or not in two-phase microfluidic flow, by using a high speed digital camera. The whole breakup processes of ferrofluid interface under different magnetic fields were investigated and compared. It was found that the morphological structure and necking velocity of the interface can be actively controlled by the magnetic force. Thus the volumes and the formation frequencies of ferrofluid droplets can be actively adjusted. The breakup of Liquid-Liquid interface usually leads to the formation of satellite droplet with its size proportional to the capillary number of the continuous phase. The coalescences of droplets were investigated. The evolution of the neck connecting two droplets was analyzed. It was found that the formation of liquid bridge or neck could occurs with a visible gap in the order of tens of micrometers between the leading edges under magnetic field and the inertia of the ferrofluid originating from the magnetic attraction fields becomes the driving force at the initial stage of coalescence instead of capillary force
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Yining Wu. Study on micro-scale interface phenomena. Other. Université de Lorraine, 2015. English. ⟨NNT : 2015LORR0330⟩. ⟨tel-01752208⟩

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