Analyse d’effecteurs du champignon ectomycorhizien Laccaria bicolor : approches bio-informatiques et fonctionnelles

Abstract : Roots of most trees form ectomycorrhizal (ECM) symbiosis with mutualistic soil-borne fungi, relying on a bi-directional exchange of nutrients between the two partners. Fungal colonization of cortical root cells form the Hartig net, a symbiotic interface. Functioning of this symbiotic interface is not well known. However, Laccaria bicolor genome sequencing sheds the light on upregulated small-secreted proteins, so-called MiSSPs (Mycorrhiza-Small Secreted Proteins). Several L. bicolor MiSSPs were demonstrated as symbiosis effectors. My PhD project aims to compare secretomes, in particular SSPs, of fungal with different lifestyles and pursue functional analysis of MiSSPs of L. bicolor. Based on the clustering analysis, we identified clusters of SSPs shared between saprotrophic and ECM fungi and clusters of SSPs specific to ECM-fungi. This study highlights that ECM fungi share SSPs with their saprotrophic ancestors but also possess lifestyle specific SSPs. In planta subcellular localization of a set of MiSSPs belonging to a core-regulon showed that three of them are able to target different plant subcellular compartments. Functional analysis of the symbiosis effector MiSSP8 does not lead to the identification of a putative interactor but the repetitive motif DWRR of MiSSP8 protein sequence is unique to fungi and is shared with SSPs from saprotrophic ancestors. Our results suggest the use of SSPs as mean of communication is common and generic and show at least one SSPs required for ectomycorhizal symbiosis of L. bicolor has evolved from SSPs found in saprotrophic fungi
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Clément Pellegrin. Analyse d’effecteurs du champignon ectomycorhizien Laccaria bicolor : approches bio-informatiques et fonctionnelles. Sciences agricoles. Université de Lorraine, 2016. Français. ⟨NNT : 2016LORR0021⟩. ⟨tel-01752226⟩

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