Influence des croyances et des représentations du diabète sur l’observance au traitement chez des femmes enceintes : étude comparative

Abstract : Introduction: With the adoption of an approach centered on the patient, the treatment of chronic diseases considere the patient as a major player, or even facing the central responsibility for the evolution of his illness. Hence, the need to take into account the perceptions of the patient, based on his beliefs and representations of disease, involves systematically to question compliance and the role of cultural factors shaping the experience of illness and health behaviours. In this context, the experience of diabetes during pregnancy appears to be a particularly sensitive time in which the observance of patients can be tested by the perceptions of diabetes, its consequences and emotions that emerge. Objective: to propose a comparative study of compliance through its psycho-socio-cultural determinants that reflect the perceptions of the disease among diabetic pregnant women divided in two groups that stand out in particular by the model of diabetes care. Methodology: A total of 89 participants took part in this study (France group: n = 60; Gabon group: n = 29) was conducted using a quantitative and qualitative methodology. The quantitative section consists of the following measuring instruments: an adherence scale (EGOMAC), a questionnaire representations Diabetes (IPQ-R) and a health beliefs questionnaire (EHBMQ). The qualitative part is itself mainly based on semi-structured interviews. Results: Women of France group are generally more observant than women of Gabon group (m = 3,15 (0,22) vs m = 2,84 (0,19)) and it seems that perceptions related to disease and greatly influence treatment compliance and the practice of medical prescriptions. Significant associations were found between the scores IPQ-R and EHBMQ scales and participating adherence scores. It also appears that patients forming our two groups have very different perceptions of diabetes and the disease do not live the same way, which may explain the disparity in the results we have obtained. Discussion: the significant links between beliefs, representations and observance suggest the need for their consideration in the management of chronic diseases; taking account of the patient as a whole would be a factor improving adherence
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Landry Clark Mabika. Influence des croyances et des représentations du diabète sur l’observance au traitement chez des femmes enceintes : étude comparative. Psychologie. Université de Lorraine, 2016. Français. ⟨NNT : 2016LORR0043⟩. ⟨tel-01752251⟩

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