De l'embarras à l'attention portée à soi

Abstract : The aim of this work is to study cognitive and social effects of embarrassment, a self-conscious emotion involving a particular concern for self-presentation at others’ eyes, and which has essentially been studied regarding its relational aspects. The first part of this work aimed at highlighting social communication functions of the expressions of embarrassment, using the vignette method (Studies 1 and 2). The second part dealt with the effects of embarrassment experience on cognitive processes involved in a lexical decision task. This task was preceded by an induction of embarrassment, happiness, sadness or a neutral state, with either a verbal association task (stereotype priming procedure, Study 3) or an autobiographical recall task (Study 4). In addition to reaction times and accuracy analysis, the use of the Diffusion Model (Ratcliff, 1978) allowed us to finely investigate these effects by mapping parameters with meaningful psychological components. The third part aimed at studying the effect of embarrassment experience on self-focused attention. Self-prioritization effect has been measured in a matching mental chronometric task (Sui, He, & Humphreys, 2012). Embarrassment, happiness, sadness and a neutral state have been induced with an autobiographical recall task (Studies 5, 6 and 7). Taken together, these results have been discussed in order to depict effects of experienced and expressed embarrassment, at both cognitive and social levels. Finally, a developmental opening has been made, since an experimental design assessing self-focused attention among children has been proposed (Study 8). The first results from this new design highlighted emergence and development of Self-prioritization phenomenon.
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Hélène Maire. De l'embarras à l'attention portée à soi. Psychologie. Université de Lorraine, 2016. Français. ⟨NNT : 2016LORR0046⟩. ⟨tel-01752253⟩

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