Contribution à la conception d'un moteur à aimants permanents du type jante et à son alimentation

Abstract : The subject of this dissertation is the study of a pennanent magnet brushless motor and its feed.ing inverter in the application of an electric vehicle. The different systems of electric vehicles are reviewed in the first chapter. The solution retained is an in-wheel brushless motor with pennanent magnet NdFeB. The points focused in designing a brushless motor concem the minimisation of the harmonics and the temperature influences on the magnetic characteristics of the magnet NdFeB and, therefore, on the motor. In chapter 2, the magnets are divided in some blocks and are shifted up each other along the motor axis. Based on the static torque curve, the real dimensions of the magnets and the slots and the saturation effect have been taken into account in our study. In regular shifting, the best total shifting angle does not correspond to a tooth step. The irregular shifting is approved particularly efficient even in the case of3 magnet blocks. In the third chapter, the entire B(H) curves of NdFeB is described, for all temperatures, by means of the double variables Chebychev polynomial series. These expressions are integrated in the package Flux-Expert for determining the magnetic field of the machine (in 2D) by finite elements method. This motor is especially sensible to the temperature and the armature reaction does not change greatly the working point of magnet. The two stages DC AC-AC supply inverter allows to have a soft switching in the drive system and, therefore, a limited electromagnetic pollution in the vehicle. The behaviour of this inverter is simulated, in chapter 5, by means of a program adapted from the software A TOSEC. The simulation results show that themodulation frequency for the first stage of the inverter should be in the order of 20kHz for a good current regulation. The simulation is valid for a lspeed up to 75% of its maximum under the rated eurrent and the current control remains efficient when the current is shifted from the electromagnetic force by an angle and even with the presence of toothharmonies
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http://docnum.univ-lorraine.fr/prive/INPL_T_1994_KONG_L.pdf
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Li Kong. Contribution à la conception d'un moteur à aimants permanents du type jante et à son alimentation. Autre. Institut National Polytechnique de Lorraine, 1994. Français. ⟨NNT : 1994INPL030N⟩. ⟨tel-01752298⟩

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