La réparation du préjudice en droit du travail

Abstract : What is damage compensation in labour law? Labour analysis doesn’t consider the question in its entirety. It is more likely to be selectively focused on the compensation due to the improperly dismissed employee, on the submission of a dismissal award scale when the dismissal occurs without actual and serious basis, on the prejudice of anxiety and its presumed nature, on the development of the safety obligation of result, or even on the opportunity of creating a class action. On the contrary, this dissertation proposes to raise the issue of damage compensation in labour law in a global perspective and to appreciate it in view of civil law. Several questions must be clarified. At first, what is a compensable prejudice in labour law? Has it the same substance and contours as that of civil law? Since the only compensable damages are the ones meeting legal requirements, the question is to know whether the rules that frame employment relationships are tracing those of the common compensation law, or supplement, subtract, distort them. Reflection is then continuing to know how damage is compensated, in labour law especially. Monetary remedy is often pronounced in such cases. Yet, is its evaluation still in accordance with “the actual prejudice”? Diverse rules are provided in French Labour Code to help evaluating compensation: maximums, minimums and set amounts. Legislator is willing to input more of them, imposing an award scale concerning dismissals without actual and serious basis. With these instructions, isn’t there a substantial risk of pulling away the full compensation principle? Last act: it is to be known who compensate in labour law, who is its debtor. Who is to be chosen between the employer, the co-employer, the AGS (Wages Guarantee Association) or a compensation fund? The question is, as well, that of the judge of compensation’s identification. The employment contract is submitted to several judges: which one for which compensation issue? Although inspired by civil liability mechanisms, damage compensation in labour law has been adapted to an employee’s protection and promotion logic. Looking for a balance between this objective and the companies’ socio-economic constraints, damage compensation in labour law appears to have certain specificities this dissertation proposes to highlight
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Emilie Jeanmaire. La réparation du préjudice en droit du travail. Droit. Université de Lorraine, 2016. Français. ⟨NNT : 2016LORR0124⟩. ⟨tel-01752347⟩

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