Sous le signe de la lyre : les ensembles à vent en Europe

Abstract : Wind ensembles exist all over Europe. They are a shared cultural feature. The exposure of a band sub-culture is established from comparisons, migrations, circulations, through wind ensembles, and interlocking at various levels. Drawing from representative examples, on a perspective centered on Man, the existence of a European standard for brass-bands, in its operation, image, role is brought forward. In their varied nature, wind ensembles are not perfect duplicates, but many common features make a modelling of such a sociocultural practice possible. Even though, for many, in the second half of the twentieth century, brass-band culture was a thing of the past, our study of wind ensembles begins in the 1940s with the Second World War, then the Liberation, and ends in the 1980s with its social, political and cultural turning point. Rather than being declining, brass bands were, over the period, evolving sharply. Invented in the nineteenth century, the wind ensemble meets three different definitions. It is first an ensemble of wind instruments (brass and woodwind) and percussions played by amateur musicians. Brass-bands is also an outdoor orchestra. Finally, it is a “marching” music, one that parades to animate the city. The very nature of this collective music-making, carried out by non-professional musicians includes a major social dimension. Around this recreational activity, a group gathers, and is cemented by its sociabilities. Wind ensembles also respond to a multiple social demand, in particular a role in popular education. The wind ensemble appears as a transnational model with a full identity. Unclassifiable, it belongs neither to popular culture, nor to high brow culture. The categorization between dominated and dominant culture should be called into question. Empowering standards as well as abolishing hierarchies must be promoted instead. Its functioning as well as the ownerships it is subjected to and it achieves, advocates for an empowerment of wind ensembles. They are an autonomous and recognizable practice throughout Europe.
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Laurent Martino. Sous le signe de la lyre : les ensembles à vent en Europe. Musique, musicologie et arts de la scène. Université de Lorraine, 2016. Français. ⟨NNT : 2016LORR0156⟩. ⟨tel-01752373⟩

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