Étude du comportement mécanique et des modifications de textures et de microstructures induites par la transformation de phase y-[alpha]' sous contrainte d'un acier AISI 304 : aspects expérimentaux et modélisations

Abstract : The 304 steel shows outstanding deformation properties which are due to a combination of crystalline plasticity and phase transformation (trip effect). This work presents a study of the mechanical behaviour and of the evolutions of textures/microstructures of this steel by tensile tests as well as their modelling. In order to understand and model this complex behavior, tensile tests at -60°C and 20°C was carried out on this steel. The global evolutions of the textures and of the involved phases were first studied by X-ray diffraction. Then the evolutions of the local microstructures and textures were investigated by E.B.S.D., which led us to a detailed analysis of the mechanisms of deformation and transformation. The results showed that the presence of martensite [alpha]' or of microtwins depends on the ? [gamma] grain orientation with respect to the tensile direction and the temperature and that martensite [epsilon] and micro-twins form germination sites for the [alpha]? martensite. These results also allowed us to choose, among several theories of the phase transformation exposed in the literature, those which best express the experimental features. Tested in an existing micromechanical model, formulated in small deformations, the transformation deformations deduced from these theories made it possible to reproduce certain aspects of the mechanical behaviour of this steel. We then developed, in close co-operation, a new model formulated in finite transformation, which considers the mechanisms of deformation experimentally observed. This model allows us to satisfactorily reproduce the tensile curves, the transformation kinetics and the texture evolutions of the different phases of this steel.
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Bertrand Petit. Étude du comportement mécanique et des modifications de textures et de microstructures induites par la transformation de phase y-[alpha]' sous contrainte d'un acier AISI 304 : aspects expérimentaux et modélisations. Autre. Université Paul Verlaine - Metz, 2006. Français. ⟨NNT : 2006METZ031S⟩. ⟨tel-01752444⟩

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