Impact des agonistes de PPARy sur l'adhérence et la migration des cellules colorectales humaines HT29

Abstract : Peroxisome proliferator-activated receptors (PPAR) belong to the nuclear hormone receptor family. Three isotypes, encoded by separate genes, have been identified: PPAR, PPAR and PPAR. They are involved in lipid metabolism, glucose homeostasis, cell proliferation and differentiation, and inflammatory response. They have also been implicated in colon carcinogenesis and/or tumour progression. We studied the effect of PPARg and activation by thiazolidinediones and fibrates, respectively, on adhesion and migration of colon adenocarcinoma HT29 cell line. Exposure to thiazolidinedione modifies expression of several genes involved in HT29 cell adhesion and migration, especially when cells are chronically treated with each drug. Of interest, long cell treatment either with pioglitazone, rosiglitazone or fenofibrate induced expression of integrin 5-chain. Our results suggest that the modulation of adhesion molecule expression by thiazolidinediones is partly through PPARg-dependent activation and that effects are different according to the dose and nature of ligand. In vivo, thiazolidinediones especially inhibit distant metastasis formation and diminish tumoral growth. In prevention, pioglitazone abolish tumoral and metastasis development. Using the same experimental approach, we demonstrated that fenofibrate as a ligand of PPAR raised similar results. Collectively, we conclude that treatment with PPARg or agonists may be interesting in the improvement of colon cancer treatment.
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Cathy Fiatte. Impact des agonistes de PPARy sur l'adhérence et la migration des cellules colorectales humaines HT29. Médecine humaine et pathologie. Université Paul Verlaine - Metz, 2008. Français. ⟨NNT : 2008METZ028S⟩. ⟨tel-01752596⟩

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