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Géométrie et quantification de paires de Howe d'actions symplectiques

Abstract : Motivated by the representation-theoretic notion of Howe duality, we seek an analogous construction in symplectic geometry in the sense that its geometric quantization decomposes in a Howe dual fashion. We find that in the symplectic context, the correct setting is given by two Lie groups acting on a symplectic manifold when these two actions commute and satisfy the symplectic Howe ondition, i. e., these actions are Hamiltonian and their collective functions are their mutual centralizers in the Poisson algebra of smooth functions on the symplectic manifold. Once this condition is satisfied, we can describe the orbit structure in detail. In particular, there is a bijection between the coadjoint orbits in one moment image and those in the other moment image ? this bijection is what we call the coadjoint orbit correspondence. We study the coadjoint orbit correspondence further and show, if the acting Lie groups are compact and the symplectic manifold is prequantizable, that it preserves integrality of the coadjoint orbits, so to both coadjoint orbits in the correspondence an irreducible representation can be associated. We thus have a bijection between certain parts of the unitary duals of both Lie groups acting on the symplectic manifold. Applying known results about the interchangeability of quantization and reduction, we see that for a Kähler manifold, its quantization (as a representation of the product of both groups acting on the manifold) decomposes into a multiplicity-free direct sum of tensor products of irreducibles of the individual groups, the pairs being given by the bijection obtained before ? as one would expect according to Howe duality. This main result is accompanied by a study of the local structure of a manifold carrying two commuting Hamiltonian action which proves a local version of the orbit correspondence and by a discussion about the relation of the coadjoint orbit correspondence to the generalized symplectic leaf correspondence in singular dual pairs
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Carsten Balleier. Géométrie et quantification de paires de Howe d'actions symplectiques. Mathématiques générales [math.GM]. Université Paul Verlaine - Metz, 2009. Français. ⟨NNT : 2009METZ016S⟩. ⟨tel-01752633⟩

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