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Etude du transport électronique de métaux liquides, amorphes et cristallins à hautes températures

Abstract : Several physical, technological, instrumental and industrial objectives were treated in this thesis. Anomaly of resistivity of liquid alloys observed during a first temperature rise. It is interesting to try to understand the mechanism at the origin of this phenomenon. Bismuth alloys to understand the behaviour of pure heavy metals and alloyed with a second metal (In). We discussed for bismuth the choice of the valence as well pure as allied to indium to interpret the electronic transport. Exhaustive study, (in collaboration with Chemnitz TU in the frame of COST MP0602) of new compositions of high temperatures solders based on Sn-Ag doped with In, Ge and Bi in order to improve the solders characteristics. We studied electrical and thermal conductivity, surface tension and mass density of these alloys. Use of an automated device of simultaneous measure of resistivity and Seebeck coefficient to characterize phase and structure transitions in solid metallic alloys. We showed the usefulness of the device as a method of "non destructive testing" by characterizing the recrystallisation of metallic amorphous ribbons. We interpreted the transport properties using the Ziman formalism and proved that this formalism could be also used to interpret the electronic transport of solid. Study of the electronic transport, in the liquid state, of alloy compositions giving quasi-crystals in the solid state. Almost no study on such kind of materials had been published before to our knowledge
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Karim Khalouk. Etude du transport électronique de métaux liquides, amorphes et cristallins à hautes températures. Autre [cond-mat.other]. Université Paul Verlaine - Metz, 2009. Français. ⟨NNT : 2009METZ022S⟩. ⟨tel-01752646⟩