Oxydation catalytique de l'acide oléique sous ultrasons par le tétraoxyde de ruthénium : valorisation de l'acide pélargonique pour la précipitation sélective de cations métalliques

Abstract : Renewable raw materials are increasingly important mainly for industrial chemistry in order to allow a sustainable development. Consequently, we decided to study the oxidative cleavage of oleic acid (the main fatty acid of rapeseed and sunflower oils) with RuO4 catalyst without chloride solvents. This oxidation reaction leads to azelaic and pelargonic acids which have industrial applications in polymers, lubricants? Biological properties of azelaic acid made it a higher value-added active principle in dermatology and cosmetics. We decided to search another valorization way for pelargonic acid: selective precipitation of metallic cations included in wastewater. The oleic acid oxidative cleavage is performed by a catalytic system 2.2% RuCl3 / 4.1eq. NaIO4 associated with an emulsifier (2% Aliquat® 336) and an ultrasonic irradiation. A design of experiments allowed the determination of the optimal solvent mixture H2O/MeCN (1/1) which led in 30 minutes to the oleic acid cleavage and yields of azelaic and pelargonic acids of 81% and 97%. This system was extended successfully to other olefins and the study of ruthenium/olefin ratio was performed from 1/50 to 1/2000. Moreover, we showed that oleic acid oxidation with RuO4 can be carried out only in water and with ethyl acetate, a third product of the partial oxidation is obtained : 9,10-dioxostearic acid. Sodium pelargonate was studied as a selective precipitant for divalent metallic cations (Cd, Co, Cu, Mn, Ni, Pb, Zn). Solubility measurements showed that many separations are possible theoretically. Some of them have been demonstrated experimentally and led to M(C9)2 precipitates with a higher purity (> 99.9%). So these cakes can be used for further application
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Sandrine Rup. Oxydation catalytique de l'acide oléique sous ultrasons par le tétraoxyde de ruthénium : valorisation de l'acide pélargonique pour la précipitation sélective de cations métalliques. Autre. Université Paul Verlaine - Metz, 2009. Français. ⟨NNT : 2009METZ029S⟩. ⟨tel-01752655⟩

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