La louveterie et la destruction des animaux nuisibles : théorie et pratique en Lorraine et Barrois au XVIIIème siècle

Abstract : The vision of wildlife has changed substantially during the last century. On behalf of biodiversity, protection becomes a watchword. In this new paradigm, wolf hunting and pests catching laws are challenged. Yet these laws show a reality of the relationship between humans and wildlife that legal history can grasp and understand. This study helps to describe this reality in the historic and geographical Lorraine and Barrois in the eighteenth century. To understand the progressive and the organic development of wolf hunting and pests catching in Lorraine and Barrois in the eighteenth century, the study defines what are the pests and determines the legal nature of their destruction. It shows that these animals are a kind of game and their destruction depends on the general law of hunting. Thefore, administrative measures against them are only a part of special hunting law. These measures fall into two categories : measures using specialized agents as wolf hunters, one of whose main powers is to make public huntings ; measures delegating to individual initiative the task of killing these animals, especially wolves with the establishment of a system of bonuses. The analysis of these bonuses reflects a popular destruction of these predators in the late eighteenth century.
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Cyrille Kolodziej. La louveterie et la destruction des animaux nuisibles : théorie et pratique en Lorraine et Barrois au XVIIIème siècle. Droit. Université Nancy 2, 2010. Français. ⟨NNT : 2010NAN20007⟩. ⟨tel-01752690⟩

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