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Les verbes de manière de mouvement en polonais et en français : éléments pour une étude comparée des propriétés structurelles des prédicats

Abstract : The aim of the dissertation is to analyze Polish and French manner of motion verbs and the properties that they display as predicates. In both languages, the argument structures of such predicates determine the verb grammatical behavior. Chapter 1 is a presentation of the theoretical and methodological frame for the analysis that follow in chapters 2, 3 and 4. Chapter 2 focuses on one of the two sub-groups currently distinguished among Polish manner of motion verbs. Isc, jechac, plynac, biec, leciec, frunac, pelznac are known as determinate verbs; they lexicalize as manner and path of motion. The verbs taken under analysis in chapter 3 form the indetreminate sub-group : chodzic, jezdzic, plywac, biegac, latac, fruwac, pelzac conflate motion and its manner, but unlike their determinate correpondents, their lexical meaning does not contain any information relative to path. The French manner of motion verbs (marcher, rouler, courir, nager, voler, ramper) discussed in chapter 4 share certain semantic properties with Polish indeterminate, thus the former are able to describe a motion spatially ordered along a path, while the latter disallow any adverbial modifier imposes such a scalar organization. Chapter 5 summarizes the main differences between Polish and French manner of motion verbs. They appear clearly in their functioning as predicates. In Polish, manner of motion verbs from determinate and indeterminate group as well, have a multiple argument structure. They may take only one semantic argument or select an aspectual semantic argument. In other words, they are able to describe as well telic and atelic motion events. On the other side, French manner of motion verbs, except courir, are one-argument predicates that reject the aspectual argument Terminus modifying the atelicity of their lexical aspect.
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Dorota Sikora Pouivet. Les verbes de manière de mouvement en polonais et en français : éléments pour une étude comparée des propriétés structurelles des prédicats. Linguistique. Université Nancy 2, 2009. Français. ⟨NNT : 2009NAN21015⟩. ⟨tel-01752706⟩



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