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L'Esthétique chez Wittgenstein

Abstract : The aim of this dissertation is to study aesthetics in Wittgenstein?s works. In the Tractatus logico-philosophicus, ethics and aesthetics are one and unsayable. The bound between microcomos and macrocosmos explains their dynamic unity. In the Tractatus aesthetics is all about the aesthetic feeling. In the Lectures on Aesthetics, this concept, called aesthetic approval, remains unutterable. Nevertheless, the Lectures bring some positivity to aesthetics through the concept of appreciation. But ethics and aesthetics remain linked through the notion of reasons. In aesthetics reasons are systematic. It?s not a psychological question. Aesthetic reactions relate to an incorporated art, through the mastering of technics; the body of the artist is expressed by his works so much that one may talk about incarnated art. Aesthetics in the thought of Wittgenstein appears also as metaphors taken from the arts or references to them. Thus, art is often a source for the reflection of Wittgenstein. The study of the comprehension of works of arts is a way to show rather than to tell the process of comprehension, a concept which is, for the grammar, a kind of blind spot. This possibility of showing rather than saying may be the key to solve the paradoxes of the Tractatus. Last but not least, the change of aspect relates to the essence of the work of art and allows to find the grammar which expresses it in the explanation by reasons. One may think then that in every domain of human activity where there is a change of aspect, aesthetics is concerned. The thought of Wittgenstein searches for new aspects to heal from metaphysical passion; in this way, it partakes also of this aesthetic characterization.
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Submitted on : Thursday, March 29, 2018 - 1:55:08 PM
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Bertrand Goyet. L'Esthétique chez Wittgenstein. Philosophie. Université Nancy 2, 2009. Français. ⟨NNT : 2009NAN21020⟩. ⟨tel-01752710⟩



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