Médiation et ressources sociales dans la création d'une spin-off universitaire : enquête exploratoire sur le processus d'incubation

Abstract : The valorisation of university research, through the creation of high technology enterprise, is a new mission assigned to universities since the enactment of the 1999 law, known as Allègre law. Technology incubators, which are new hybrid structures, have appeared at the border of three radically different spheres: universities, businesses and governments. Their mission is to support and facilitate the marketing of technological innovations. However, because of the uncertain and hypothetical nature of innovations, they disrupt habits and routines of the industry. Incubation of these technology companies can not then be summarized to access to material resources but as has to be also considered as a negotiating process which gives legitimacy to inventions in order to be accepted by the market. We show that this process requires also access to social resources. Access of these new entrepreneurs to these resources is done mainly through social networks of the managers of the incubator, through mediation and intermediation. This mediation allows a transfer of trust, credibility and legitimacy. Accordingly, it generates a new network for the entrepreneur and facilitates its integration into the community of entrepreneurs.
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Kamel Imikirene. Médiation et ressources sociales dans la création d'une spin-off universitaire : enquête exploratoire sur le processus d'incubation. Economies et finances. Université Nancy 2, 2008. Français. ⟨NNT : 2008NAN22002⟩. ⟨tel-01752729⟩

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