Une estimation de l'impact, sur la durée du chômage, des profils attendus d'indemnisation d'assurance chômage : analyse sur neuf pays de l'Union Européenne au moyen d'un modèle multiniveaux

Abstract : This study examines the role that expected unemployment insurance benefits play in explaining the duration of individual unemployment spells. Based on a detailed legal review of benefit rules applicable in nine European countries during the second part of the 1990s, we define 90 profiles of expected unemployment benefits which indicate what levels and durations of unemployment insurance benefits are expected, at each month of unemployment, by workers entering unemployment in each of these countries. The impact of the expected benefit profiles on the hazard of exiting unemployment is estimated using the data of the eight waves of the European Community Household Panel and applying a discrete-time two-level event history model, nesting unemployment spells within the corresponding profiles of expected unemployment benefits. Our key explanatory variable is an innovative indicator of the generosity of unemployment benefits, initially proposed by Ray et al. (1986), which sums, at each month of the unemployment spell, the discounted monthly replacement rates expected over the remaining compensation period. Results confirm that more generous expected levels of unemployment benefits are associated with lower hazards of exiting unemployment and indicate that there is significant variation in the hazard of exiting unemployment among spells nested in different profiles of expected unemployment benefits.
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Ioana Salagean. Une estimation de l'impact, sur la durée du chômage, des profils attendus d'indemnisation d'assurance chômage : analyse sur neuf pays de l'Union Européenne au moyen d'un modèle multiniveaux. Economies et finances. Université Nancy 2, 2010. Français. ⟨NNT : 2010NAN20018⟩. ⟨tel-01752733⟩

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