La politique de germanisation en Lorraine annexée (1870-1914) : cultures et enjeux identitaires

Abstract : In 1870, the present department of Moselle was annexed to the newly-created German state and became one of presidencies of the Reichsland of Alsace-Lorraine. This transfer of territory triggered the implementation of a policy of acculturation which aimed at germanising the population and, in this way, was meant to ease the integration of the people of Lorraine to the Reich and to make them subscribe to the national German project, promoting a regional identity in passing. However, from 1870, beyond this declared will, the objectives to reach were much debated, as were the controversial analyses of the state of mind of the locals. Now, the means that the administration would implement to ensure the success of its policy of acculturation depended on these very objectives and analyses. «The» germanisation was therefore not a consensual construction whose objectives and means would have been decided in the early period of annexion. This policy and its changes will be principally dealt with through the evolutions of the associative field. This form of sociability, which was then booming, represents a privileged analytical observatory of the time's cultural policies, practices and representations. It takes place in a particular area, the result of the people's aspirations for some cultural practices but also of rules which are the pointer of the identity-designed cultural policy of a national state. Besides, it more generally testifies to the intricate relationship between the state and public opinion, in a time when society was getting more democratic and was entering the age of mass culture
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Lionel Metzler. La politique de germanisation en Lorraine annexée (1870-1914) : cultures et enjeux identitaires. Histoire. Université Paul Verlaine - Metz, 2007. Français. ⟨NNT : 2007METZ021L⟩. ⟨tel-01752805⟩

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