Étude de propriétés physiologiques de Lactococcus lactis et de Lactococcus garvieae pour la maîtrise de Staphylococcus aureus en technologie fromagère

Abstract : The European legislation imposes the staphylococcal search for enterotoxins in cheeses if the level of S. aureus is higher than 105 ufc/g. Accordingly, the objective of this thesis was to provide scientific data to control S. aureus by biopreservation. In a first, the growth of S. aureus was monitored in farm cheeses AOC Saint-Nectaire. In these cheeses the populations of S. aureus multiplied mainly during the first six hours of manufacture to reach a maximum to 24 h. Their growth and their maximum level would depend on the initial concentration in milk, on the pH (in particular pH at 6 h), on the temperature, but the role of the microbial communities could not be highlighted. In the second step, the inhibiting capacities of strains of Lactococcus lactis and Lactococcus garvieae were evaluated in microfiltrated milk. L. lactis subsp. lactis would inhibit the growth of S. aureus by lowering the pH but also by the production of H2O2 for certain strain. On the other hand, the pH would not be responsible for the inhibition of S. aureus by L. garvieae. The competition for amino acids does not seem to be implied in inhibition by L. lactis since this species synthesis a great amount in milk. Even if threonine, phenylalanine, methionine, isoleucine and valin become limiting in the co-culture of S. aureus with L. garvieae, this would not be responsible for inhibition since their addition in milk does not raise inhibition. In laboratory medium the inhibition of S. aureus by L. garvieae was effective during the first hours of culture and decreases during incubation. It increased with the concentrations of L. garvieae. It was stronger at 24°C than at 30°C. It would be due to hydrogen peroxide (3 mmol/l) produced by L. garvieae in Co-culture in medium BHI. The role of the catalase of S. aureus in the interaction with L. garvieae remains to be specified
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Jomaa Alomar. Étude de propriétés physiologiques de Lactococcus lactis et de Lactococcus garvieae pour la maîtrise de Staphylococcus aureus en technologie fromagère. Autre. Institut National Polytechnique de Lorraine, 2007. Français. ⟨NNT : 2007INPL051N⟩. ⟨tel-01752847⟩

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