Procès et sociabilité en matière de droits de l'homme : Analyse institutionnelle, épistémologique et argumentative des fondements et des techniques de protection des droits de l'homme au Conseil de l'Europe

Abstract : I consider the conditions of adaptation of a model of « epistemic community » to the field of practical deliberation and evaluations. By doing so, I am able to answer the following question: how do human rights acquire an objective meaning within the system of the European Convention of Human Rights? In the first part (institutional analysis), I show that ?sociability? is what is primarily at stake in the protection of human rights within the Council of Europe (ch.1). This goal of ensuring ?sociability? is not foreign to the issue of the ?objective meaning? of human rights, for in that regard, the mere efficiency of the European system depends on the implementation of a ?public order? in the field of human rights (Ch. 2). In the second part (epistemological analysis), I show that an epistemic perspective on fundamental rights allows one to account for the efficiency (?practicability?, rationality) of the European system, but that it presupposes the development of both a dynamic criterion (?acculturation?) for the assessment of the rationality of an international system of rights (ch. 3) and of an epistemological model in which ?social acceptability? would not only serve as a benchmark for the empirical acceptation of a definition of rights but also as a benchmark for their rational adjudication (Ch. 4). In the third part (argumentative analysis), I test the conditions in which such an ?epistemic community? is carried out by the European court for human rights, through a critical analysis of the way European judges deal with interferences in human rights (Ch. 5). Eventually, I defend the operating value of a philosophical argumentation theory for the protection of human rights in Europe (Ch. 6).
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Jean-Claude K. Dupont. Procès et sociabilité en matière de droits de l'homme : Analyse institutionnelle, épistémologique et argumentative des fondements et des techniques de protection des droits de l'homme au Conseil de l'Europe. Philosophie. Université Nancy 2, 2009. Français. ⟨NNT : 2009NAN21027⟩. ⟨tel-01752865⟩

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