Ensemble(s) pour affronter le risque pyrotechnique : étude sociologique de l'application des dispositifs de prévention des risques des établissements DGA en France

Abstract : This research is based on the general hypothesis that the concept of risk is very useful for analyzing and understanding behavior and discourses in modern societies. It draws on a work that characterizes the institutional contexts where risk appears, the term institution meaning a stabilized structure of beliefs, representations and behavior juridically or culturally constituted and established by the community. This work made it possible to propose two operational hypotheses: - Risk is both real and socially constructed : we must take into account the fear of risk and the reality of danger; - Risk is revealing of modern visions of the world in action: the significance of risk is not only indigenous to a social group but also part of a social context that makes risk a general sociological issue. The confrontation of these hypotheses with field experiences relies on a study of the implementation of risk management devices in the Etablissement Technique de Bourges (ETBS), a French military armament testing center. The analysis of empirical materials (field observations, interviews, and documents) combines the study of formal aspects of institutions and the study of the actors' point of view and exposes the relationship between objective and subjective aspects of risk. It shows that the staff involved in pyrotechnic tests at ETBS assume a collective and individual responsibility in the management of risk where each of the staff members is aware of his responsibilities to the others that contribute to produce and reproduce a "chain of responsibility in the pyrotechnic tests".
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Karen Rossignol. Ensemble(s) pour affronter le risque pyrotechnique : étude sociologique de l'application des dispositifs de prévention des risques des établissements DGA en France. Sociologie. Université Nancy 2, 2009. Français. ⟨NNT : 2009NAN21017⟩. ⟨tel-01752871⟩

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