Le cautionnement donné à une société

Abstract : The activity of a company (society). involves around contracts it concludes with its partners. The conclusion of these contracts is conditioned under the solvency and the credibility of this company To raise this condition, it is necessary that a person makes a commitment to the partner contracting of the company the creditor, to assume personally the load of the payment pressing on this company, debtor, in case she would weaken. This person, the pledge, is going to add his or her heritage to the debtor company by putting the credit attached to her or him to the advantage of this last one. A contractual relation intuitu personae builds up itself then between the pledge, the debtor company from which the execution of the commitments is guaranteed and the company creditor, beneficiary of the caution money : the pledge makes a commitment considering the links which unite him or her with the debtor company and only her or his status is determining ; the person of the creditor is indifferent to her or him - and mutually - and a mutual confidence has to exist between both. Nevertheless, this character intuitus personae as the commitment of the pledge will have the effect of weakening the vigour of the contractual link while, at the same time, the caution money given as safety of execution of the commitments of the debtor company is a contract which must be executed whatever are the constraints of time. Now, the pledge can see his or her situation evolving in the point to lose his or her status when she or he made a commitment. In addition, the company - debtor or creditor - can be touched more or less profoundly in the course of social life by various events. These events echo inevitably on the commitment of the pledge. The solutions of the substantive law, based on the binding effect of contracts, take into account neither these events, nor the character intuitus personae of the caution money so given, less still its affectation as guarantee of the commitments of a company. These solutions are not satisfactory and it is necessary to consider the caution money guaranteeing the commitments of a company as a specific contract to perpetuate this operation while respecting the logic of the business law.
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Wenceslas Ella Andoume. Le cautionnement donné à une société. Droit. Université Nancy 2, 2010. Français. ⟨NNT : 2010NAN20013⟩. ⟨tel-01752876⟩

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