Données de santé et secret partagé: pour un droit de la personne à la protection de ses données de santé partagées

Abstract : The medical professional secret is a legal exception to the professional secret; it allows a patient's caregivers to exchange health information that is relevant to that patient's care without being punished for revealing confidential information. That caregivers discuss patient's health information with other medical professional involved in that patient's care is to the benefit of the patient. Nonetheless, there is a fine balance to be struck between a "need to know" professional exchange of information, which is essential to care of the patient, and a broad exchange of information, which may ultimately comprise the confidentiality of the patient's private life. The emergence of an electronic tool, which multiplies the potential possibilities for data exchange, further disrupts this balance. Consequently, the manipulation of this shared health information must be subject to the medical professional secret, the "Informatique et Libertés" legislation, and all of the numerous norms and standards as defined by the French national electronic medical record (DMP), the pharmaceutical medical record (Dossier pharmaceutique), or the reimbursement repository (Historique des remboursements). As the patient's health information is increasingly shared between health care providers - through means such as the DMP or DP - the patient's right and ability to control the access to his/her health information have to become more and more important. A study regarding the importance of obtaining the patient's consent lead to the following proposal: to inscribe in the French Constitution the patient's right to confidentiality regarding health information.
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http://docnum.univ-lorraine.fr/prive/NANCY2/doc472/2009NAN20011.pdf
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Caroline Zorn. Données de santé et secret partagé: pour un droit de la personne à la protection de ses données de santé partagées. Droit. Université Nancy 2, 2009. Français. ⟨NNT : 2009NAN20011⟩. ⟨tel-01752877⟩

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