Assister la conduite de la conception en architecture : vers un système d'information orienté pilotage des processus

Abstract : Nowadays, numerous architecture projects require different actors who are more and more remotely located to work together on the elaboration of a common project. The inputs of these actors of design need to be integrated by taking into account the life cycle of the buildings, which requires that design have a "transversal" dimension. This can be achieved by including, in the early stages of process, constraints and parameters that are usually managed much later in traditional organizations. This study highlights the strong demand for design steering aiming at improving the quality of design and thus reducing the appearance of dysfunctions. With regard to this, we highlight the multidisciplinary characteristics as well as the predictive and reactive aspects of design steering in architecture. Then, based on existing cognitive models, we propose a model combining - in a simple way - three primary activities (analysis, proposition, evaluation). Then we enrich the model so that it covers the predictive and reactive aspects of design steering. This is done on the basis of our analysis of design steering, which allowed to uncover two narrowly linked entities. These two entities, which are generally implicit but are actually present in design projects, are: the problematic situation and the aimed situation. Finally, we specify and present the mock-up of a tool that is superior to the existing drawing, CAD, calculation or simulation tools. The tool that we present doesn't belong to the same "family". In fact, it can be called "reactive", which means that instead of allowing to define a solution, it allows to determine when the intervention pilot actor is needed
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Ahmed Laaroussi. Assister la conduite de la conception en architecture : vers un système d'information orienté pilotage des processus. Architecture, aménagement de l'espace. Institut National Polytechnique de Lorraine, 2007. Français. ⟨NNT : 2007INPL077N⟩. ⟨tel-01752903⟩

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