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Intégration du cadre économique et juridique européen et attractivité des espaces régionaux

Abstract : In an integrated world where the European legal systems get closer almost inevitably, national jurisdictions develop attractive frames towards fiscal bases. We suggest characterizing the processes of legal integration in the European scale and justifying the competitive nature of the institutional behavior that the European countries adopt, notably by defining the mechanics of the community law. These last ones allow for example to identify the various legal strategies of legal integration implemented by the European authorities. They also let glimpse institutional margins which justify and legitimize the analysis of competitive type of the processes of community legal integration and make relevant the definition of a frame of analysis of the attractiveness of the jurisdictions according to an approach of institutional competition. Besides, our work focuses on the attractiveness of countries, notably from the immaterial and qualitative point of view, justifying more the legal approach of the competition between the European members. Two types of models of spatial competition are proposed to illustrate the institutional competition in Europe, namely an approach of "shopping" which takes into account fiscal and institutional aspects of the competition between countries and an approach of institutional competition with multiple stages. Both analyses emphasize the impact of the local intrinsic characteristics (size, institutional public efficiency) on the nature of the competition between European countries.
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François-Xavier Borsi. Intégration du cadre économique et juridique européen et attractivité des espaces régionaux. Economies et finances. Université Nancy 2, 2008. Français. ⟨NNT : 2008NAN20016⟩. ⟨tel-01752966⟩



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