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Le catholicisme matériel : les objets de la piété privée dans la France des XVIè et XVIIè siècles.

Abstract : This work is situated at the intersection of material History and the History of Individuals. It also borrows from sociology and ethnology by resorting to personal piety objects as witnesses of the religious and cultural practices of Catholics in modern France (including territories located across the Atlantic) up to the Edict of Fontainebleau. These objects begin appearing in Catholics? private lives as of the end of the 15th century. During the following century, this process speeds up with the impact of the Protestant Reformation and the implementation of the Catholic Reformation. The study of their means of manufacture and distribution first shows how easily they can be obtained. As they are accessible to all classes, they belong to the familiar and daily lives of the faithful. Their relative banality is transcended by the appropriation made by the believer. Thus, as a self-defining sign, they are part of the self-image of the individuals. They represent a stake in patriotic claim during times of political disturbances and also play an essential role in the setting up of strategies of social and religious distinction. Signs of recognition and factors of cohesion of a Catholic society shaken by the Protestant Reformation, these objects constitute above all a medium of prayer. The faithful, following the guidance of the clerics, resort to them to domesticate the sacred in order to establish an intimate relationship with God. These personal practices, sometimes close to superstitious deviances, highlight the role of the object as an agent of the building of individual identity during modern times that widely exceeds the strict frame of religious sphere.
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Emmanuelle Friant. Le catholicisme matériel : les objets de la piété privée dans la France des XVIè et XVIIè siècles.. Histoire. Université Nancy 2, 2009. Français. ⟨NNT : 2009NAN21006⟩. ⟨tel-01752967⟩

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