Pyrolyse de la biomasse en réacteur cyclone - Recherche des conditions optimales de fonctionnement

Abstract : The usual processes of biomass thermal upgrading are designed for the production of bio-oils or of gases rich in CO, CO2, H2 and light hydrocarbons for energy or chemical productions. The laboratory-scaled set-up used in this study includes a cyclone reactor, heated at its walls and able to carry out the fast pyroliquefaction or pyrogazeification by simply changing the operating conditions. The reaction products (charcoal, liquids and gases) are recovered and analyzed. The masses and elementary (C, H, O) balances closures are very accurate. Pyroliquefaction conditions are favoured by low walls temperatures and small carrier gas flowrates. The bio-oils fractions increase with the biomass flowrate. The particles size has only a weak influence on gas, liquids and charcoal selectivities. A model representing the cyclone behaviour is established by taking into account the hydrodynamics of the gases and solids, and the wall-gas and wall-solids heat transfer laws inside the cyclone. This general model includes also a model of particle decomposition (scheme of fast pyrolysis in competition with heat transfers) and a model of vapours cracking. Validated successively with cellulose and then with wood, it allows to predict the variations of the selectivities according to the operating conditions. The model shows that the cracking reactions occur mainly inside a thin boundary layer close to the hot walls. Two laws (pyrogazeification and pyroliquefaction) gathering the various operational parameters that control the performances of the reactor are finally proposed
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Fatou Toutie Ndiaye. Pyrolyse de la biomasse en réacteur cyclone - Recherche des conditions optimales de fonctionnement. Autre. Institut National Polytechnique de Lorraine, 2008. Français. ⟨NNT : 2008INPL013N⟩. ⟨tel-01752987⟩

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