Influence de l'oxygène sur le comportement à la solidification d'aluminiures de titane binaires et alliés au niobium basés sur le composé intermétallique [gamma]-TiAI

Abstract : This study was performed in the framework of the IMPRESS, "Intermetallic Materials Processing in Relation to Earth and Space Solidification", and is dedicated to the understanding of the fundamental mechanisms that control solidification in a Ti-46Al-8Nb alloy selected for TiAl-based alloy turbine blade development. The first part of this work is devoted to study the influence of oxygen on the solidification behaviour of cast TiAl-based alloys containing from 40 to 48 at.% of Al. Increasing the oxygen content affects significantly the macrostructure of the as-cast ingots, increases volume fraction of the phase formed during the peritectic solidification and leads to a change of the [bêta] primary solidification phase to the [alpha] phase in the ternary Ti-44.2Al-1.4O, Ti-47.3Al-0.9O and Ti-47.2Al-1.5O (at.%) alloys. When [alpha] is the primary solidification phase, the partition coefficients has been determined as kAl[alpha]/l= 0,9 and kO(alpha]/l = 1,29. In a second part, the solidification behaviour of Ti-46Al-8Nb alloy is investigated, with a particular attention to the contamination and growth conditions effects on microstructures and microsegregation formations. For high contamination levels, the solidification phase is [alpha] where oxygen reduces solute mobility, leading to limited backdiffusion. In low oxygen containing alloys, [bêta] is the primary solidification phase, and oxygen leads to an extent of the segregation amplitude despite high level of back-diffusion in the bcc structure
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Julien Zollinger. Influence de l'oxygène sur le comportement à la solidification d'aluminiures de titane binaires et alliés au niobium basés sur le composé intermétallique [gamma]-TiAI. Biologie végétale. Institut National Polytechnique de Lorraine, 2008. Français. ⟨NNT : 2008INPL032N⟩. ⟨tel-01753020⟩

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