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Calcium equilibrium in milky systems between colloidal and soluble phase - study of calcium - protein interactions

Abstract : Ca equilibrium between soluble and colloidal phases was studied in milky systems (milk, Non Hydrolysed, NH, or Hydrolysed, H, soy milks). Calcium chloride supplementation (CC, 25 was followed by pH cycle (pHmin 5.5 or 3.5). pH, Ca2+, turbidity and apparent viscosity were recorded in situ. Ca equilibria were related to protein phase variations. Contrarily to milk, Ca2+ concentration was initially negligible in soy milks. Yet, whatever the milky system, Ca2+ increased upon CC addition and with acidification, and decreased during alkalinization. For reference milk, pH cycle to 5.5 was reversible neither on Ca2+ variations nor on protein phase contrarily to CC-milk. This could be due to the previous capture of Ca during supplementation, involving casein micelles reinforcement through Ca-protein interactions. For pH cycle to 5.5, acid-induced aggregation was partially and completely reversible upon alkalinization for NH and H-soy milks, respectively. Once CC addition, Ca-induced aggregation was irreversible and pH cycle had minor effects. Whatever the system, the irreversibility of phenomena was observed for pH cycle to 3.5. Ca-(milk or soy) protein interactions studied by ITC showed similar endothermic signals, probably due to the water release occurring upon interaction. Ca binding should rather be described as H+/Ca2+ exchange with respect to the electrostatic forces involved. Finally, Ca-binding sites were identified with FTIR spectroscopy. A decrease of the absorption energy in the amide I and II region and in the carboxylate region occurred upon CC-addition, with higher variations in soy milks
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Submitted on : Thursday, March 29, 2018 - 2:05:42 PM
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Latha-Selvi Canabady-Rochelle. Calcium equilibrium in milky systems between colloidal and soluble phase - study of calcium - protein interactions. Food and Nutrition. Institut National Polytechnique de Lorraine, 2008. English. ⟨NNT : 2008INPL016N⟩. ⟨tel-01753056⟩



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