Calcium equilibrium in milky systems between colloidal and soluble phase - study of calcium - protein interactions

Abstract : Ca equilibrium between soluble and colloidal phases was studied in milky systems (milk, Non Hydrolysed, NH, or Hydrolysed, H, soy milks). Calcium chloride supplementation (CC, 25 mmoles.kg-1) was followed by pH cycle (pHmin 5.5 or 3.5). pH, Ca2+, turbidity and apparent viscosity were recorded in situ. Ca equilibria were related to protein phase variations. Contrarily to milk, Ca2+ concentration was initially negligible in soy milks. Yet, whatever the milky system, Ca2+ increased upon CC addition and with acidification, and decreased during alkalinization. For reference milk, pH cycle to 5.5 was reversible neither on Ca2+ variations nor on protein phase contrarily to CC-milk. This could be due to the previous capture of Ca during supplementation, involving casein micelles reinforcement through Ca-protein interactions. For pH cycle to 5.5, acid-induced aggregation was partially and completely reversible upon alkalinization for NH and H-soy milks, respectively. Once CC addition, Ca-induced aggregation was irreversible and pH cycle had minor effects. Whatever the system, the irreversibility of phenomena was observed for pH cycle to 3.5. Ca-(milk or soy) protein interactions studied by ITC showed similar endothermic signals, probably due to the water release occurring upon interaction. Ca binding should rather be described as H+/Ca2+ exchange with respect to the electrostatic forces involved. Finally, Ca-binding sites were identified with FTIR spectroscopy. A decrease of the absorption energy in the amide I and II region and in the carboxylate region occurred upon CC-addition, with higher variations in soy milks
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Latha-Selvi Canabady-Rochelle. Calcium equilibrium in milky systems between colloidal and soluble phase - study of calcium - protein interactions. Food and Nutrition. Institut National Polytechnique de Lorraine, 2008. English. ⟨NNT : 2008INPL016N⟩. ⟨tel-01753056⟩

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