Savoirs et rapport au savoir des enseignants d'éducation physique et sportive : données cliniques sur la construction d'une identité professionnelle

Abstract : What do teachers impart to pupils in P.E. ? The answer to this question is not an easy one if we take into account the fact that teaching does not merely consist in enforcing the official instructions issued by the French bulletin on the subject. Pragmatic experience of imparting knowledge and teachers contact with their pupils put to the test the illusion which consists in believing that a knowledge-based job is the ultimate solution for our institution. Beyond knowledge, the individual s relation to knowledge, which we define together with J. Beillerot (1989) as the process by which a subject, on the basis of acquired learning, produces new singular knowledge that enables them to think, transform and feel the natural and social world , gives us food for thought as regards the fundamental link between the subject with the Other and with their desire. This process partly influences the teachers construction of their teaching methods towards a freedom they take upon themselves. The clinical point of view shows that the research worker s position is not external to the knowledge they work on. Thus, their involvement in research, which puts forward the existence and effects produced by the subconscious, is a condition to an epistemological adventure. Lacan s teaching reveals in particular that knowledge is full of gaps, that there is non-knowledge . Studying teachers relation to knowledge thanks to interviews shows how this dialectic between knowledge and non-knowledge works for each teacher and how they use their imagination to build up solutions, sometimes between crisis periods and traumatic experiences, and find ways to rearrange their psychic space to overcome this feeling of unease.
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Gaëtan Crouzillas. Savoirs et rapport au savoir des enseignants d'éducation physique et sportive : données cliniques sur la construction d'une identité professionnelle. Education. Université Henri Poincaré - Nancy 1, 2006. Français. ⟨NNT : 2006NAN10190⟩. ⟨tel-01754273⟩

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