Prise en compte de l'usager enseignant dans la conception des EIAO. Illustration dans calques 3D

Abstract : This PhD thesis takes place in the context of designing Interactive Learning Environment (ILE) where one of the difficulties is that the proposed solutions are hardly accepted by teachers because they are often not adapted to their own approach of teaching. Thus, our objective is to take in account the teachers needs directly in the design process,. by identifying and categorising the different pedagogical needs, in order to provide the 'user-teacher' (intended to use the software) with an open environment on which he will be able to choose or define an adapted configuration. The application field we chose is spatial geometry learning, with the design of a microworld, Calques 3D. In order to reach our objectives,. we collaborated, during the design process, with two groups of 'author-teachers' who enriched the prototype with their wide-ranging approaches of the same learning field. In order to ease and conduct the design of the software, we proposed a framework, named "utilisation contexts of educational software ", that author-teachers are intended to use for expressing their choices on knowledge presentation and for describing activities they plan to organise around them. This framework allowed us in turn to extract the implicit knowledge that teachers have about "how and why they teach concepts in a particular way" in order to implement it and choose an adapted internal representation. So, it served as a negotiation support between teachers and software engineers in order to come to an agreement on the pedagogical content, in particular on the domain concepts and their external presentations.
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Nicolas van Labeke. Prise en compte de l'usager enseignant dans la conception des EIAO. Illustration dans calques 3D. Autre [cs.OH]. Université Henri Poincaré - Nancy 1, 1999. Français. ⟨NNT : 1999NAN10276⟩. ⟨tel-01754340⟩

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