Contribution to the study of waste heat recovery systems on commercial truck diesel engines

Abstract : Fuel price increase as well as future fuel consumption regulations lead truck manufacturers to further enhance the current powertrain. In such a context, two waste heat recovery technologies appear as promising: the Rankine system as well as the thermoelectric generator. After a reminding of truck boundary conditions, this thesis work defines 0-D and 1-D modeling (commercial tool used) for both systems.For the thermoelectric generator , parametric 1-D studies are done on the integration/design (number of thermoelements, price, electrical power) of a thermoelecric generator upstream the existing engine exhaust gas recirculation cooler. Main studies are done with thermoelectric materials but other materials are also considered. A Rankine system design is presented and modeled under a 1-D solver. Preliminary validations are presented. Transient aspects are evaluated to better understand the behavior of the system and its bottlenecks. The amount of refrigerant in the circuit and the control schematic are also addressed.From these studies, it appears that the thermoelectric generator technology is not yet mature for a long haul truck due to the low performance of thermoelectric materials. The Rankine system technology should handle a complete truck prototype testing to estimate its potential
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https://hal.univ-lorraine.fr/tel-01754520
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Submitted on : Friday, March 30, 2018 - 9:51:58 AM
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  • HAL Id : tel-01754520, version 1

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Nicolas Espinosa. Contribution to the study of waste heat recovery systems on commercial truck diesel engines. Other. Institut National Polytechnique de Lorraine, 2011. English. ⟨NNT : 2011INPL064N⟩. ⟨tel-01754520⟩

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