Le bureau des finances de la généralité de Metz et Alsace 1701-1790 : aspects institutionnels

Abstract : The Administration of the Old Regime embodied services that contributed to its management. Today, those services still continue questioning the responsibilities and competencies of the people in charge of it. The Finance office of the administrative area of Metz and Alsace is one of these services. This study is entirely dedicated to its mechanism, trials and tribulations that it had faced during the Enlightenment period. The Finance office is a financial structure created right after the signature of the Edict of Poitiers, in July 1577, and played two fundamental roles: administrative and legal. It was precisely established in the city of Metz, in November 1661 during the reign of Louis XIV. Louis XIV assigned to this office the same functions, responsibilities and duties than the other Kingdom offices. The current archives of the administrative county of Moselle highlight the key active role played by the Finance Office throughout the eighteenth century, despite the difficulties and challenges set by some others administrative institutions, especially the Judiciary Body. After a deep analysis of the archives documents, it is clear that the Finance Office was determined to overcome all possible challenges and put its duties in place. It played indeed an essential role in establishing the tax & financial system in the Three Bishoprics of Metz, Toul, Verdun, and Alsace. Through the study of the Finance office, we also examine the social class of the Finance Officers; A group of people that stood out from the other administrative bodies of the County area
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Aloïse Christian Mavoungou. Le bureau des finances de la généralité de Metz et Alsace 1701-1790 : aspects institutionnels. Droit. Université de Lorraine, 2015. Français. ⟨NNT : 2015LORR0216⟩. ⟨tel-01754536⟩

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