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Gaussian estimates for heat kernels

Abstract : We revisit the parametrix method in order to obtain a gaussian two-sided bound for the fundamental solution of a general parabolic operator which is not in a divergence form. Then we use the fact that the Neumann Green function of a general parabolic operator on a regular bounded domain can be constructed as a perturbation of the fundamental solution by a simple-layer potential in order to establish a Gaussian lower bound for this Neumann Green function. The key point of the proof lies in the time-regularising effect of the single-layer potential. We also prove that this method can be adapted to get a lower Gaussian bound for the Neumann heat kernel of the Laplace-Beltrami operator on an open subset of a compact Riemannian manifold. In a second part, we prove a new Gaussian upper bound for the Neumann heat kernel of the Laplace-Beltrami operator on a Lipschitz domain of a complete Riemannian manifold. The principal interest of this new upper bound is that we do not have the usual exponentiel terme in time in this upper bound. In a last part, as an application of the Gaussian estimates, we give a compactness result of isospectral potentials which is in relation to an asymptotic formule for the heat kernels
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https://hal.univ-lorraine.fr/tel-01754543
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Laurent Kayser. Gaussian estimates for heat kernels. General Mathematics [math.GM]. Université de Lorraine, 2015. English. ⟨NNT : 2015LORR0259⟩. ⟨tel-01754543⟩

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