Étude des aspects cinétiques et thermodynamiques gouvernant la perméabilité de modèles d’essence à l’interface de deux matériaux polymères barrières : application à l’optimisation de réservoirs pour carburants

Abstract : Responding to a strong demand for security, weight reduction and volume optimization, the fuel tanks are currently usually made of polymer multi-layer barriers in order to limit vapour emissions into the atmosphere. The prediction of their permeability remains a world-wide critical challenge for the multi-layer optimization. Thanks to original semi-automated experimental set-ups, sorption and permeability measurements were carried out for three leading polymer materials (HDPE, EVOH and Binder) and model fuel mixtures of ethanol, iso-octane and toluene. The modelling of the sorption properties was successfully achieved by the UNIQUAC model and a new model called SORPFIT. The parameters of the diffusion laws according to the TSVF2 or the generalized Long models were also optimized for each polymer despite some difficulty with EVOH. An original methodology was then proposed for predicting the partial fluxes of polymer multi-layers from the characteristic parameters of the corresponding mono-layers. Depending on the nature and disposition of each layer, two scenarios were identified: the kinetics limitation and the thermodynamics limitation of mass transfer, the latter being estimated from the sorption models initially optimized. The comparison of the calculated fluxes with the experimental data obtained for bi-layer and tri-layer films provided by the world-wide industrial company Arkema showed that the predictions were very satisfying. This approach was then extended to the simulation of the permeability of more complex multi-layer structures which are more representative of commercial fuel tanks
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Jing Zhao. Étude des aspects cinétiques et thermodynamiques gouvernant la perméabilité de modèles d’essence à l’interface de deux matériaux polymères barrières : application à l’optimisation de réservoirs pour carburants. Autre. Institut National Polytechnique de Lorraine, 2010. Français. ⟨NNT : 2010INPL088N⟩. ⟨tel-01754561⟩

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