Qu'est-ce qu'une pratique ? : théories et théorisation des pratiques

Abstract : The main purpose of this dissertation is to clarify the meaning of the notion of "practice" in contemporary sociology and philosophy, and to identify the issues related to its theorization. Why is this a problem? Because practice analysts tend to consider that (abstract) theories are unable to account for the concret domain of pratical reality. With their stabilized and finalized idealizations, theories might alter practices, changing and dynamic by nature. We will claim that this position, relatively common in the philosophy of practice,(i) is mistaken about the role and the functions it ascribes to scientific theories, and (ii) is based on a realistic assumption about the nature of practices assuming that they are some kinds of concrete entities existing in the world ; a presupposition that cannot be taken for granted and that, in many cases, might prove problematic. On the contrary, we will argue that practices have to be understood as \textit{concepts} that are derived from particular observational frames, and that allow us to account for different aspects of the social world.
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Régis Catinaud. Qu'est-ce qu'une pratique ? : théories et théorisation des pratiques. Philosophie. Université de Lorraine, 2016. Français. ⟨NNT : 2016LORR0002⟩. ⟨tel-01754586⟩

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