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L’élite artistique des cités : métamorphoses de l’ancrage du hip-hop dans les quartiers populaires en France (1981-2015)

Abstract : At the intersection of socio-history of popular areas, ethnography of artistic activities, and sociology of culture, this thesis studies the evolution of the practice of the hip hop elements in France since the early 1980s. The methods of investigation combine semi-structured interviews with various protagonists, direct observations of the activities of nonprofit organizations dedicated to hip hop located in popular suburban areas around Paris, the analysis of archives and a statistical work on a database. The thesis describes the emergence of those artistic activities in France and their privileged appropriation by young men living in popular areas and/or immigrants’ children. Thanks to some distinctive social resources, those hip hop pioneers yearn to be recognized as artists, and doing so strive for the symbolic rehabilitation of all the popular suburbs youngsters. Nevertheless, only few members of this suburban artistic elite manage to make a living from art. In the late 90's, some of them founded specialized nonprofit organizations in the popular areas where they come from, in order to transfer the practice to the youngests. The second generation emerges and shares the same characteristics of class, sex and race as the first generation. However, its members take advantage of a new commercial and institutional opening. Thus, they have the possibility to widely broadcast their art to the "general public", as they get high material and symbolic benefits. Observing the details of their daily routine and practice enables to analyze, on a wider scope, the evolutions of gender relations, relations to politics, to institutions and to the market for the popular suburbs youngsters.
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Louis Jesu. L’élite artistique des cités : métamorphoses de l’ancrage du hip-hop dans les quartiers populaires en France (1981-2015). Sociologie. Université de Lorraine, 2016. Français. ⟨NNT : 2016LORR0095⟩. ⟨tel-01754682⟩



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