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La mise en écriture du Nouveau Monde dans Elegías de varones ilustres de Indias de Juan de Castellanos

Abstract : The emergence of the New World into the Western mindset is a major event, principally due to the absence of any historic record. Western intellectuals, travellers and chroniclers have come to interpret, apprehend and define a new geographical and human alterity based in western 15th and 16th century cultural codes, allowing a symbolic appropriation of the space and culture of the “other”. The poetic chronicle Elegías de varones ilustres, written in the late 16th century by a benefice priest from Tunja in the New Kingdom of Granada, is testament to the effort to write about a new world, in a time of transition—at the birth of modern mankind and State. Juan de Castellanos’s text sets out the stakes for the establishment of modern nations and the colonial system, and reflects the surge of modern man and sense of individuality that differentiates modern man from his predecessors. The modern man surpasses the man of the past, by taking on new knowledge of the world as it was. To write history, we need to consider past and present to be aware of modern man’s power to shape his future. The representation of the New World in Juan de Castellanos's work equally reflects a dual symbolic appropriation of space based on cultural codes embedded in their context. Castellano’s book embodies the critical debate that will define and conceptualise historic writing as its own genre, a world away from poetic fiction. Juan de Castellanos’s historic poetry is a battleground that lays the foundations for the poetisation of recent past: the early years of discovering and conquering the New World. The mythification of the New World origins cleared the way for a new stage in Christendom. As history goes, this would constitute the ideal framework to envelop the newly-discovered indigenous people and new lands into a colonisation process that would match the socio-political needs of the modern Spanish empire.
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Submitted on : Tuesday, April 3, 2018 - 12:04:40 PM
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Vivian Camargo Cortés. La mise en écriture du Nouveau Monde dans Elegías de varones ilustres de Indias de Juan de Castellanos. Littératures. Université de Lorraine, 2017. Français. ⟨NNT : 2017LORR0015⟩. ⟨tel-01757019⟩



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