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L'ajustement du thérapeute : ce que nous apprend l'étude des objets discursifs dans les phases 3 et 4 du protocole de la psychothérapie EMDR

Abstract : As the efficiency of psychotherapies is now widely recognized, research questions the psychotherapeutic process. In this vein, we review and study the verbal interactions resulting from an emerging psychotherapy, the Eyes Movement Desensitization and Reprocessing (EMDR) psychotherapy. This therapy is very promising in the field of psychic care. It is a psychotherapeutic practice in which the therapist exercises a physical action on his patient by means of alternating bilateral stimulations – notably by ocular movements. Thus far, research on EMDR has primarily examined the physiological effects related mainly to eye movements during treatment. Because EMDR also has a verbal protocol, we review it in the framework of studies that consider psychotherapy as a "speech event" above all (Labov and Fanshel, 1977). Based on a study of language, both as provided for in the protocol and as used by the therapist in session, we attempt to pursue these works by placing ourselves at a level of clinical description, at the level of the subject. In a first part, we follow a theoretical approach, and review phases 3 and 4 and prototypes of the EMDR protocol, in light of theories in the field of pragmatics and theories stemming from psychoanalysis. In a second part of empirical research, we examine a corpus consisting of three psychotherapeutic follow-ups, which have been filmed and transcribed. By placing ourselves into the reality of the practice, as it is commonly understood, we implement a methodology of exploratory and qualitative analysis emerging from the paradigm of pragmatics. To do this, we refer to the works carried out within the linguistic-pragmatic analysis of the interventions of the therapist as well as to interlocutory logic. We highlight some characteristics of the language matrix that demonstrate its importance, its role and its effects in the implementation of a process of change that appears to be beneficial for the patient
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Submitted on : Thursday, April 12, 2018 - 10:27:46 AM
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Nathalie Steffens. L'ajustement du thérapeute : ce que nous apprend l'étude des objets discursifs dans les phases 3 et 4 du protocole de la psychothérapie EMDR. Psychologie. Université de Lorraine, 2017. Français. ⟨NNT : 2017LORR0250⟩. ⟨tel-01764503⟩



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