Changements et paradoxes de l'Université : Approche socio-anthropologique d'une situation particulière

Abstract : The university today can no longer be content with adjusting its missions to current developpements : it has to radically change the way it meets them. While demands from streamlining and rationalizing are still spelled out by political instances, both the spirit behind them and the way they are formulated come from the world of economy. From now on the university must define itself, and account for the quality of its products on the international market of science, as a private company would. the present dissertation shows to what extent this process is indeed part of a capitalist ideology as formalized by Luc Boltanski and Eve Chiapello in "Le Nouvel esprit du capitalisme". As shown all though, paradoxes are central to the world of academe because of the several contradictions and tensions that are as many rifts in university research, for instance that between 'hard' and 'soft' sciences, or between fundamental and apllied research. these paradoxes testify to the complexity which characterizes the university and which somehow constitutes it. In this perspective paradoxes are their own justification in that they make it possible for the university to change without any calling for any sudden break with the past or revolutionary upheaval. The present study also shows how a rationalizing of the university along the lines defined by a capitalist economy leads to the emergence of a new paradoxes and it explores their significance. Its major aim is to understand the grammar of change that is at work in the discourse developed within and on the university. Through the observation of one specific case we see how changes are implemented inside a university, how they are perceived and what kind of response they prompt. It also strives to go beyond local particularities and to bring out those elements that can apply to the university world at large
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Jean-François Bachelet. Changements et paradoxes de l'Université : Approche socio-anthropologique d'une situation particulière. Sociologie. Université Paul Verlaine - Metz, 2001. Français. ⟨NNT : 2001METZ002L⟩. ⟨tel-01775449⟩

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