Arnold Zweig (1887-1968) romancier

Abstract : Spread over sixty years, A. Zweig's work includes novels, short stories, plays and essays, in addition to his correspondence and many articles concerning literature, art and politics. In this study devoted to the novelist, we examine not so much the technician as the man compelled to write to bear witness of his experience. After unsuccessful attempts in the theatre, it is finally in the novel that zweig showed his full talent. His first success, der streit um den sergeanten grischa, was adapted from an earlier play. A. Zweig grafted onto the original theme a multitude of happenings, changes of tempo and psychological, historical and political reflections. The result is a very rich novel, in which the sequencing of events has a cinematographic quality, suspense is cleverly maintained and zweig shows his indisputable talent for giving life to some very engaging characters. Usually bourgeois intellectuals, these are educated first by life and then more harshly by war. Like Zweig himself they waver beetwen jewishness and germanness, freudianism and marxism, individualism and political engagement. Disappointed as a zionist during his exile in palestine, zweig adopted marxism and returned to east germany. Although he participated loyally in the construction of the german democratic republic, he frequently criticised the party line on literature and education. He refused to condemn israel and remained faithful to freud's theories. His last novels show the effects of these ambiguities. Reserved ans measured as a writer, a humanist attached to harmony and peace, A. Zweig is the heir to the great novelists of the nineteenth century. Following tolstoy and balzac, he wished to give to germany the great cycle of novels still lacking in her literature
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Alban Dussau. Arnold Zweig (1887-1968) romancier. Littératures. Université Paul Verlaine - Metz, 1986. Français. ⟨NNT : 1986METZ002L⟩. ⟨tel-01775675⟩

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