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Dom Calmet et l'abbaye de Senones : un milieu littéraire

Abstract : During the Age of Enlightenment literary gatherings flourished in the form of cafés, clubs, salons, or of more institutionalized venues such as academies and learned societies which proliferated in number. Meanwhile the famous Congregations of Saint-Vanne and of Saint-Maur exhorted their religious to carry on the work of the illustrious monastic academies created in the previous century. This latter mission was particularly valued by Dom Augustin Calmet, a Benedictine from Lorraine. Calmet was renowned throught Europe for his monumental literary work, which approaches at once exegesis, history as well as curiosities, and for his positions and titles held in the Congregation of Saint-Vanne. His election on 9 July 1728 at the head of the rich and influential abbey of Senones, in the Vosges, allowed him to realize his ambitions. The monastery, which had already been opened to the world of letters by his predecessors, and by Dom Mathieu Petitdidier in particular, welcomed the erudite Benedictine. In this centre of spirituality Dom Calmet would develop all the activities peculiar to a literary milieu : writing, copy of texts, exchange and trade of books, management of the library, literary criticism, and connections with publishers. These literary activities, moreover, took part in the opening of the abbey on its surrounding world already favoured by its geographical and political position. The correspondence of Dom Calmet and of his nephew and coadjutor Dom Fangé attests to the influence of the Abbot of Senones on his religious or secular contemporaries in Lorraine, in France and in Europe, and to his relations with the Greats and the Academies. Dom Calmet's impact on the philosophers of the Enlightenment, and on Voltaire in particular, as well as his interest in the chief biblical controversies of his time, the supernatural and the history, transformed this "literary" milieu into an enlightened one deserving its century.
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https://hal.univ-lorraine.fr/tel-01775834
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Submitted on : Tuesday, April 24, 2018 - 3:44:40 PM
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  • HAL Id : tel-01775834, version 1

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Aurélie Gérard. Dom Calmet et l'abbaye de Senones : un milieu littéraire. Littératures. Université Nancy 2, 2008. Français. ⟨NNT : 2008NAN21021⟩. ⟨tel-01775834⟩

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