Skip to Main content Skip to Navigation
Theses

Dynamique de la matière organique en relation avec les propriétés chimiques et structurales des sols dans une chronoséquence forêt-prairies de graminées en Amazonie orientale (état de Para)

Abstract : Studies of SOM changes along this forest-tc-pasture sequence were based on total carbon and 13C measurements, which allowed to calculate the distribution of carbon derived from forest and pasture throughout the profiles down to 1 rn depth. Carbon contents reached 116 Tha-l under forest and 12 year old pasture, 123 T ha-1 under 7 year pasture and 126 T ha-1 under 17 year old pasture. In the topsoil (0-0.10 rn) carbon derived from pasture increased from 12% in the 7 year old pasture to 38% in the 17 year old pasture. Moreover a degradation of physical-chernical properties was noted after pasture installation : the total porosity and rnacroporosity decreased in the topsoil, the storage porosity generally decreased, whereas the surface negative charges and clay dispersability increased in the 0-0,40m layers. Pasture establishment has induced an improvernent of aggregate stability in the topsoil, in relation with the change of SOM contents and nature and the increase of faunal activity such as earthworrns. In the topsoil, the changes of SOM quality was evaluated by a decrease of the proportion of light fraction (raw organic matter) and an increase of heavy fraction (organe-mineral macroaggregates) with increasing age of pasture. In addition, temporary increase of SOM biological and chernical s.tability was observed in the 7 and 12 year old pastures.
Document type :
Theses
Complete list of metadatas

Cited literature [144 references]  Display  Hide  Download

https://hal.univ-lorraine.fr/tel-01775858
Contributor : Administrateur Du Ccsd <>
Submitted on : Tuesday, April 24, 2018 - 3:45:21 PM
Last modification on : Thursday, June 21, 2018 - 1:21:28 AM
Long-term archiving on: : Wednesday, September 19, 2018 - 1:44:55 PM

File

SCD_T_1996_0359_KOUTIKA.pdf
Files produced by the author(s)

Identifiers

  • HAL Id : tel-01775858, version 1

Collections

Citation

Lydie-Stella Koutika. Dynamique de la matière organique en relation avec les propriétés chimiques et structurales des sols dans une chronoséquence forêt-prairies de graminées en Amazonie orientale (état de Para). Sciences de la Terre. Université Henri Poincaré - Nancy 1, 1996. Français. ⟨NNT : 1996NAN11035⟩. ⟨tel-01775858⟩

Share

Metrics

Record views

53

Files downloads

30