La photographie au cinéma : enjeux de l'image photographique dans le cinéma narratif

Abstract : Status and stakes of the photographic picture in narrative films are to be studied from different points of view (monstrative, narrative, enonciative) according as one regards either the status and the role of the photographic object or the fonctions and significations bound to the photographic representation. The integrated photographic picture as multi-fonction diegetic object is currently used. Through its double fonction as both index and icon and according to its significance in films, it helps the narration, it provides a certain knoledge and has a more or less important veridictory role, it enhances fiction at some levels in dividing the space and time of the represented object ; in the narration, it is to express affects, ideas, symbols and themes. The photographic picture also enables the audience to think out cinema and photography according to indicated or suggested contexts, for it can trigger free associations that partly depend on its relation to the image. Provided that the photographic object as actant is more or less substantial in the narration, photographic representation creates other stakes relating to signification within filmic representation, in works where cinema is designed as experimenting new expressive forms, new narrative forms. What is at stake in the integrated photographic picture as autonomous representation is not only set in terms of contrasts, contrarieties, blocking, stopping, interruption, performativity but also in terms syncretic phenomena. Single or multiple integration of the photographic picture can carry out the synthesis wich is neither quite homogeneous nor quite heterogeneous between photography and film. Thus, it creates an intermediate representation, and interspace representation
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Eric Pedon. La photographie au cinéma : enjeux de l'image photographique dans le cinéma narratif. Art et histoire de l'art. Université Paul Verlaine - Metz, 1994. Français. ⟨NNT : 1994METZ001L⟩. ⟨tel-01776011⟩

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