Peuplement et occupation des sols dans la région de Neufchâteau des origines à la fin du XIIIème siècle

Abstract : The Neufchâteau region, a strategic frontier zone, is made up of the Meuse and the Moselle plateaus, the Santois and two cuestas. From the Neolithic to the Tène period, agricultural clearings appeared in the valleys and on the Meuse plateau. In the second century B. C., the Leuques withdrew to the heights. During the Roman period, many villae were founded at the foot of the cuestas. From the seventh to the ninth century, the toponymy reflects a major peopling in the Santois and in most of the valleys of the Moselle plateau. Thanks to the combined actions of the seigniorial and monastic domains, a significant transformation of the landscape took place during the strong growth between 1150 and 1260 : forest limits were pushed back on all community grounds, windmills were built, barns were erected on the upper part of the plateau, ploughlands, vineyards and pastures were expanded. The increase in production contributed to the rapid development of the cities of Châtenois and Neufchâteau, which alternately dominated the region.
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Theses
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http://docnum.univ-lorraine.fr/prive/BUL_T_2005_0001_HILAIRE_1.pdf
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Submitted on : Tuesday, April 24, 2018 - 3:51:24 PM
Last modification on : Wednesday, April 25, 2018 - 1:32:35 AM

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  • HAL Id : tel-01776072, version 1

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Guy Hilaire. Peuplement et occupation des sols dans la région de Neufchâteau des origines à la fin du XIIIème siècle. Histoire. Université Nancy 2, 2005. Français. ⟨NNT : 2005NAN21001⟩. ⟨tel-01776072⟩

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